The Covid-19 pandemic and its response measures have intensified the vulnerability and inadequacies of food systems in West Africa, affecting all activities and processes of food production, distribution and consumption. To this end, rural women in Senegal and Burkina Faso have ensured the resilience of poor and vulnerable households, thus prompting recognition of this reality by men. It is therefore essential to give women decision-making power at all levels in the spheres related to the four (4) pillars of food security. It would be desirable to support and accompany the positive reconfiguration of power relations between women and men, already underway in the communities studied, in order to ensure that they have the means and abilities (social, cultural, economic, political and legal) to fully play this role. Support to peasant organizations and networks of women's organizations is essential.